Wave of suicide attacks in Saudi Arabia recently, especially one near the burial site of the prophet Mohammed, shows that radicals are increasingly challenging the Al Saud royal family and its role as official protector of Islam’s holiest sites.
Suicide attackers struck the security office at Al-Haram al-Nabawi, a mosque in the western city of Medina that was built by Mohammed and where he is said to be buried. Mecca and Medina are Islam’s two holiest sites. Another suicide bomber blew himself up near a Shiite mosque in the eastern city of Qatif. And a suicide bomber struck near the U.S. consulate in the western city of Jeddah.
Saudi Bomb: Endless Sunni-Shia Conflict
Medina bombing that occurred on Monday night or Tuesday when Saudi Arabia pm, very surprised many, especially among Muslims. Muslims strongly believe that both the Muslim holy city of Mecca and Medina will be kept thousands of angels of attack and destruction of any kind.
Various opinions emerged to address these events. Some say that this is a conspiracy theory that want to marginalize Islam. Pre this thought is intensified with the description of an Indonesian citizen who was in Madinah named Fathudin Ja’far provide information through pojoksatu.id that in Medina does not happen, there is only a puff of smoke as fires across the city tray and there was no sound of an explosion.
The incident according to Jafar did not disrupt the activities of worship in Masjid Nabawi nobody even pilgrims were discussing the bomb. Ja’far rate, is there a conspiracy of outsiders who want to discredit Islam Islam through the issue of media exaggeration.
Ja’far opinion is further strengthening their opinions about conspiracy theories respond to the bomb that exploded in the Prophet’s Mosque, Qatif and Jeddah. The opinion even evolving toward public deception that the incident was just made up to corner Islam.
Ja’far opinion not wrong. But to conclude that this is a conspiracy theory too is an argument that too quickly taken. The conspiracy theory is an agreement of legitimizing interpretation for some people to commit the crime. This often happens on issues related to politics, power and social events. For example, about the events of Princess Diana were killed by British secret agents for pregnant baby of Dodi Fayed or Obama who is the son of a Kenyan Muslim and became President of the US. (Christopher Thresher-Andrews, 2013).
Legitimate people to analyze an event based on a conspiracy theory. This is often done to maintain power. Although the academic circles, this theory can not be a scientific reference. Remains a fact made a reference important in researching or developing a scientific paper.
Some facts indicate that the explosion did occur in the Postal Security Nabawi mosque and not at the center of activities so that pilgrims do not sound all pilgrims do the activity center of worship. It also justified the Embassy Jeddah that the explosion did occur in Qatif, Jeddah and Medina.
Bombings in three cities Saudi Arabia is also justified Arif Ramadhan from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are on appeal to citizens in Saudi Arabia remain in a state of calm and avoid places that are potentially dangerous to themselves. In addition, this event also already been published by a number of prominent media at home and abroad who risked their reputations if the event was a lie. Qatif is a predominantly Shiite city and the place where Nimr al-Nimr settled.
Some media pro-Sunni argued that this was in retaliation the Shias on the execution Nimr al-Nimr by Saudi authorities. Yet another argument is also growing that this was done by a group of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) associated with the explosion of a bomb in Istanbul Turkey, Dhaka, the American consulate in Iraq, Punchong Malaysia, Somalia.
Actually this is not a new conflict in Islamic politics. Leading to a Sunni-Shiite conflict. This conflict lasted since the death of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions consulted to determine who is worthy to replace him. There are two strongholds that have their own candidate.
One group wanted a caliph Abu Bakr Siddiq as successor to the Prophet. One camp saw Ali bin Abi Talib, the Prophet’s son-nephew of the most suitable for caliphate. Ended with the victory of Abu Bakr and the group is known as the Sunni. While a group of pro Ali bin Abi Talib known as Shiite groups.
The defeat of Ali bin Abi Talib in the political arena long tails turns up to now. Starting from the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty until finally stand didomiansi Sunni Abbasid many led by the Shiite group. Islamic rule ended in the Ottoman Empire which ruled many Sunni leaders.
But since the collapse of the Ottoman, Sunni-Shiite conflict is kept rolling with the emergence of two influential countries in the Middle East, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Both countries are in the arena international, continue to conflict compete for influence in the Middle East. The conflict sprung involving both like Yemen, Syria, and Iraq.
Even the Middle East conflict is not rare continue to contribute to Southeast Asia, including Indonesia. Post-fall of the New Order regime, the opinion that Islam and the Shia not allowed to commit acts of violence in this group, continues to grow and there has been no solution until now over Iran and Saudi Arabia concerned over Indonesia.
Likewise with the Middle East, the conflict will not end, as long as the two major sects of Islam have continued to fight for influence at the global level. ***